Our Blog

by Sally Wilson MRCVS

We have recently been contacted by The British Cattle Veterinary Association to say that there will soon be formed a Register of Mobility Scorers (RoMS). The register will be an independent, self-regulatory body which encourages the widespread use of standardised, independent mobility scoring conducted by trained and accredited scorers. Soon, it is likely that those farmers who have a Supermarket milk contract and, possibly, eventually all milk buyers will initially expect, and later require, those inspections to be conducted by a member of the RoMS.

We already perform a large amount of mobility scoring and have skilled and experienced scorers within our practice. We shall shortly be applying for membership of the RoMS so that we can continue to offer a high quality service at a reasonable price (i.e not vet rate!!)

As an optional additional service, we can also convert the raw list of scores into a report which monitors your herd's progress against previous months and keeps you up to speed with how the mobiity in your herd is developing. If there is a sign of deterioration, we will alert you early so that you can examine the issues and put measures in place to improve the situation as soon as possibe. 

Feel free to speak to us about the option of weekly or bimonthly mobility scoring with little to no effort required on your part (except for ensuring you pick up any lame cows we find!)

 

 

by Sally Wilson MRCVS

We usually advertise our courses on Facebook, send a few emails around and generally put the word around. Somehow, this course filled up without my even noticing. Then I had an unexpected extra person who had booked on through a “friend of a client” so, as a result, it turned into the largest group I have taken to date. All thanks, therefore, to a helpful farm client in Dorchester, Tom King, offered to hold it at his farm in return for a place on the course for one of his staff. Tom has a brilliant set-up and 600 cows (which provided more than enough barreners to go round) making for an extremely good 3 days' teaching during what must have been one of the hottest June weeks on record!

Big farm, lots of barreners, locking yokes………..what more could a girl ask for?! Maybe a slightly cooler few days as we chose THE hottest few days in June recorded since the 1960s. But there was a great mixture of farming backgrounds represented, with a few suckler boys and a once-a-day-milking man in the audience which livened up proceedings somewhat, but the most confusing part of the whole three days was that, of the 8 people attending the course, 4 of them were called Dan!

 

 

 

 

 

 

It was great to take a group where everyone was so genuinely interested in learning and gaining a new skill. Thanks to all of them for showing so much enthusiasm and I hope that they will succeed in maintaining great fertility on their farms.

       

by Brendan John MRCVS

Cows don't like the heat - they don't have as good an ability to cope with high temperature as they do with low temperature. And when we have a few hot days in a row like right now, you will notice the physiological effect that the heat has. A lot of our dairies have fans placed throughout the cow sheds to bring in and distribute fresh cool air. I've been looking up a couple of papers about the use of water sprays to help cows stay cool, which is likely to be a useful next step in tackling the effects of heat stress.

There are a couple of good studies - this one - from Chen, Schütz and Tucker. And this one - from Legrand, Schütz and Tucker.

The Chen paper looked at what effect the flow rate and droplet size had on the cooling success. They measured cooling success using skin temperature, respiratory rate and core body temperature. They found that, contrary to popular belief, water droplet size had no recordable effect. There was thought that bigger droplets had a greater effect as it gave better hair coat penetration, but it wasn't seen in this study. And on flow rate, they found that the significant increase came from a flow rate of 1.3L/min. While increases above this rate did improve the cooling of the cows, the effect was very small and probably not worth the increased cost in terms of water usage.

The Legrand paper used a voluntary cow shower - with the cows choosing when and for how long to use a sprinkler system to cool off. The cows with access to a shower system had a lower core body temperature compared with cows not given the opportunity. The cows who could use a shower also spent less time standing at the water trough. An interesting finding here was the variability between individuals of use of the water shower: some didn't use it even though they were given access, others stood in it for 8 hours in a 24 hours period!

It might seem a lot of trouble and expense when we don't see the very high temperatures that other dairying areas of the world sometimes see, but the top end of the Comfort Zone for cattle is 25oC and we would get to this temperature in a cattle house more often than it might appear. Once we get to this temperature, the cows will be reducing movement and rumination to reduce heat production as well as trying to increase heat loss by energy consuming activities like panting, drooling and increasing skin blood flow. This all comes at a cost to efficiency, so we should look to make these cows more comfortable by lowering the temperature below the 25oC upper threshold.

by Sally Wilson MRCVS

On Saturday 18th June, we held our second sheep shearing course. We were lucky enough to hold it at Kim Sharpe's which is in a lovely spot behind Minehead- so we got a lovely view of the sea whilst also learning to shear!

Will Ellicott was our expert coach along with some help and equipment from Ben Miller. Ben is a good example of a successful delegate from last year's course. After having completed last year's course, he since went on to buy his own shearing trailor and has spent this season shearing small flocks of sheep. He has become quite good, although I would never tell him that!

We had 8 people on our course this year from all over Somerset and Dorset. Everyone was very keen to learn how to get going and, after the first few sheep "took one for the team" as Kim said, all the delagates got the hang of it very quickly.

Last year, I didn't get the chance to have a go so this year I was determined to try it (although was quite worried that I wouldn't be very good at it!) With help from both Will and Ben, I managed to shear 2 sheep. I was quite proud at the end and very surprised at how much I enjoyed it. I found the order and the neatness to it very satisfying and it was good to see your finished, shorn sheep going to join the rest of the bunch!

Kim and her parents were fantastic hosts, ensuring we all had tea, coffee and cake whenever we needed it and generally looking after us all really well.

The competition for the most neatly shorn sheep was won by Dan Cox from Moorlynch........well done Dan, we have a budding shearer in our midst! To see some more photos, go to our photo gallery

by Brendan John MRCVS

Do you know what bovine TB is circulating in your area, or an area that you are looking to buy cattle from? It used to be a hushed question in the market, or ask us, but these were unreliable sources for one reason or another. Now DEFRA/APHA have teamed up with ERGO (Environment Research Group Oxford) to provide this information for the whole country, updated monthly. And it is really easy to use.

You can visit the website at http://www.ibtb.co.uk. Just put in a post code or CPH number, and you will see a map with active or closed breakdowns, such as the one shown here.

 

There's no hiding either - the flag is placed directly over the centre of the CPH. But why should we hide from our TB status? It doesn't (usually) reflect good or bad farming practice. It shouldn't change people's opinions of the stock on the farm. It is a disease, and the more we can treat it as a disease and forget the politics, the sooner we will get on top of it.

Personally I think this is a positive step from DEFRA - where they might have worried about releasing this information in the past, they are now the ones publishing it for all to see, and for all to use in our own battles to stop the spread of this hateful infection.

 

www.ibtb.co.uk

Information bovine TB

by Brendan John MRCVS

At the moment, buying in cattle is a major threat to biosecurity. For those aiming at accreditation of freedom from certain disease, you will already know how hard it is to protect your herd when animals are being moved on, even very occasionally. But there may be a way forward on the horizon. At the moment, there is no standard format to measure how much of a threat animals pose to your herd. Therefore we have to assume that any animal is as bad as it can possibly be - that it is guilty until proven innocent.

So what if, when an animal is traded, it had a score for different diseases from its individual results in combination with knowledge of the source farm. You could use that information to consider how much of a threat that animal poses when moved onto your herd. For instance, if you have a herd which has tested negative for Johne's disease every 3 months for the last 5 years, you would want to buy animals ONLY from a herd with a similar track record. And that is the basis of risk-based trading.

We should all be calling for this system to be put in place as soon as possible. It is likely to lead to stock with lower risk carrying a premium value, but so they should - these animals have a greater value to you. True - those who are selling animals of high risk may see a reduction in value of their product, but if they have no aspiration to change their home risk level, they can buy cheaper stock into their system. If they do have aspirations to a lower risk, then there will be no greater motivator than gaining that extra value from their end product.

by Sally Wilson MRCVS

British Cattle Breeding Club Conference..........Dairy Day...........Into a Brave New World

Setting off up the motorway to Telford, my sat-nav told me it would take 3.5 hours and I would arrive nicely at 530pm. Lots of time to have a child-free, relaxing drink before getting ready for a slap up roast beef dinner the night before the dairy day began. As it turned out, having sat in traffic for hours, I finally arrived at 7pm, just as the drinks reception was beginning. And so it turned into quite a busy night and day. The evening was spent chatting to other people in the industry, farmers, AI company directors, the president of just about every cattle body possible, and a few agri students. So, a great mix. No one had lost sight of the difficult times we are facing ("volatile" is the trendy word used to describe the dairy industry at the moment) but everyone seemed to have a positive long-term outlook on their future.

The dairy day began with Judith Bryans, CEO of Dairy UK who talked about her take on the current threats to the dairy industry. Dairy Alternatives are an area which Judith identified and which she thinks is underrated..........with £75m moved last year, these products (eg soya milk) are now mainstrean and taking up dairy space. "snackification" of breakfast was also mentioned.

Reputation risks were discussed at length and Judith hilighted examples of dubious science being quoted in the media, suggesting that consumption of milk was a health risk. She also highlighted an interesting example of a lady, a "Dr" (of geology), who believed that giving up milk cured her breast cancer. She had also received other conventional treatments such as chemotherapy but it was portrayed in the press that milk was actually the cause and was everything that was bad.

She went on to talk about the future of the industry. We will need 60% more food by 2050; South Asia's requirement for dairy will go up by 125% by 2030. This opens up an opportunity for us...........could we develop an export market I ask myself.

 

Nick Green, Lye Cross Farms, Alvis Brothers described their rise to success. He discussed the structure of the business which is based, not far from here, south of Bristol. He talked about the farm shop which they run, mostly as a marketing tool rather than a profit making venture and explained how they try to be innovative in what goods the sell and how they are presented. He described how they found they didn't get enough money for their milk so they decided to make and sell their own cheese. The by-products of this go to the herd of pigs and the waste from the pigs goes to the arable side of the business... a great self-sufficient triangle

Nick stated that he thinks there is considerable lack of understanding about where food comes from and impact on the environment which results in consumers decisions on what they eat. So communication and education are a big part of their business.

 

Peers Davies, a vet from Nottingham University described his PhD in which he studied S.uberis. This was a fasinating paper where he explained that S uberis exists in many forms (sequence types). When this was looked at in detail, it was found that there were191 strain types, many of which only appeared once on one farm. However, it was found that 9 strains were responsible for 40% of clinical cases. This means that, if a vaccine were developed to combat this particular strain of S uberis, around 40% of S uberis could potentially be removed. This is quite a significant finding which suggests an opening for vaccine development.

We were lucky to have two dairy farmers come to speak to us, to share their own personal experiences of running a dairy enterprise. David Homer, a Nuffield scholar, described how their business has gone from strength to strength since their 2 sons and 1 daughter decided to come home and farm. He firmly believes that a big reason behind their decision to come home was because he and his wife never forced or expected their kids to work on the farm. If they did want to help, they were always paid fairly and, if they didn't want to help, they were not forced. As a result, his daughter, who went to work in hospitality and social science, came home and has turned into the best calf rearer they have ever had. He stressed how, as a family, they have identified each other's strengths and weaknesses and they all respect these in each other. They work hard to make the best out of each other's skill sets, and work hard to improve the "triple bottom line"  this is a term he picked up in New Zealand and it depicts 3 areas: social/life, profit and environment. So, when times become tough, they remember their family mission statement "Balancing excellent farming with a high quality of life" I found this talk so inspirational- hearing a story of how a family has worked together to make a successful business while staying close, was very uplifiting. He did say the next hurdle is likley to be when sons/daughters-in-laws join the business. He expects this to add another dimension to the business but, as he said, as long as it is always talked about and considered, and they approach it in a similar way to previous changes in their business, there is no reason why it can't further enrich their future. Thank you David for brightening up my day!

by Sally Wilson MRCVS

Not All Cows are Black and White............

I have to admit that I am so obsessed with Dairy Cows that I have pictures, paintings, tapestries dotted all around my house. The only problem with being obsessed with dairy cows is that my life tends to become dominated by two colours......black and white. As someone whose favourite colour is actually PINK, it was with great pleasure that I opened an email from one of my best friends and non-cow-enthusiast, Iain. It simply said "saw this and thought of you" And here is what he saw:

 

 

Wouldn't life be more interesting if the odd dairy cow was something other than black and white (the odd red and white cow excepted)?

As a farm animal vet who is used to working fulltime, 10 hour days minimum, most of which is spent scanning cows, I am clearly now getting withdrawal symptoms. Having had a baby girl 6 weeks ago, I am now, for a limited time only, playing the role of fulltime housewife. The best part of this (apart from the newborn baby bit which is sublime but means there is a lot of time pacing the floor at the sort of times that only dairy farmers frequent) is that I have nails for the first time in my life. The downside is that I miss my cows and I miss my farmers even more. Farmers are often thought to be "moany" "glass half full" sorts of people (quoting others, not myself of course!) But it is their banter that is the icing on the cake of each one of my working days. A farm animal vet friend and colleague of mine once said "farm animal vetting is like going out each day and helping out a mate" I couldn't agree more!

So, thanks Iain for these photos, the first cows I have seen in 6 weeks!

by Brendan John MRCVS

Just look at all the flies in the straw in this calving pen. The leaked milk and calf dung which end up in the straw in the calving pen are really rich feeds for flies and so you often see a high population here. The flies also choose this environment to lay their eggs because these same rich feeds will be available to their young. Any fly programme will need to concentrate larvacidal treatments on areas like these where the larvae will be developing. If you are struggling with flies bothering your farm animals, we have some ideas which will help to reduce the flies this year, and ready for next year too. Contact us to find out more.

by Sally Wilson MRCVS

The idea behind holding this course was simply that I had noticed that the best herdspeople seek to improve their skills with cows. They already have that "gift" which enables them to handle cattle naturally; to be able to recognise a sick cow in the distance based on a "gut feeling" rather than her level of dehydration; to spot a cow bulling just by her sniffing the air differently from usual. These are things that can't be taught and a gift which I always wish I possessed. But many herdspeople want to learn more advanced techniques and crave teaching around this subject. It occurred to me that there are things that I do every day as a vet, on which i had training at the best level and which I could effectively teach to such herdspeople in order to widen their skill-set.

So, the advanced herdsperson's course was born. Although I have taught many "bog standard" courses before, such as AI and foot trimming, I was more excited about teaching this course. I was conscious that the guys whom I was teaching were more skilled than I in their specific areas and I didn't want to teach them what they already know. I was also keen to encourage some knowledge transfer between delegates so that they could share experiences. 

I was very lucky as I had a very cool bunch of guys who all participated and also, without exception, showed great practical skills. There is nothing more rewarding than showing someone how to do something and then watching them perferct the technique almost immediately.

Thanks to all those who came along and watch this space for future similar courses.

 

by Sally Wilson MRCVS

My May Day Bank Holiday Monday did not conjure up thoughts of lazy sunny days drinking lager in the garden with a bbq blazing....not this time. As many farmers are out preparing ground trying to get Maize drilled before the promised rain this afternoon, here in the farm vetting world, we have also been quite busy. In fact, we have been so busy that I find myself doing a routine visit on a Bank Hoilday Monday because that actually seemed easier than trying to find a slot to suit us both in the upcoming week.

While I was there doing my thing, we got a surprise visit from the rest of my little family. Miles, husband and practice manager decided to bring our 2 year old, Beren for a little look to "see what Mummy does for a job".

Whilst spending most of my time with my hand up the cow's bottom and my scanning goggles on, I had quite a few questions to contend with:

 

"Mummy, are you a farmer?"

"Mummy, what are you doing?"

"Mummy, why are you so dirty and covered in poo?"

"Mummy, what are you putting in that cow?"

"Mummy, that cow is pooing a lot, why?"

"Why?"

"Why?"

"Why?"

"How do you know that cow is having a baby?"

"Why?"

Well, Beren alredy knew what a dairy cow was and how milk came out of the udder. I then took him up to the new shed to show him TMR, discussed the pros and cons of sand cubicles and asked his opinion on BCS consistency. I think I learnt quite a lot!

by Miles Butteriss

It was cold & windy, but not raining, which made us feel like fraudsters given that we were assembled to discuss, albeit briefly, the flooding of the Somerset Levels. The reporter, slick and doing ‘just another day at the office’, the Royal Marine Commando Major, very articulate & matter of fact, and Sally imparting her knowledge & thoughts of what will be the knock on effect of this awful start to 2014. 

 

 

Probably not the best circumstances in which to be interviewed on the radio but worth it if it raises awareness of the plight of some of our local farmers

by Sally Wilson MRCVS

We had a good turnout for our meeting on BVD control and eradication on Monday 3 Febraury; thanks to all those who turned out on a pretty miserable night. The take home messages were:

 

  • You can’t recognise a BVD persistently infected animal by just looking at it. So you can easily buy in either a persistently infected animal or a cow/heifer carrying a persistently infected calf.
  • If you vaccinate, this doesn’t necessarily mean that you are protected from infection causing problems in the herd, especially if your vaccination protocol isn’t water tight.
  • The best way to know your herd’s BVD status is to take bloods from a representative group of youngstock between 9 months old and vaccination age
  • If you successfully eradicate BVD from your herd, this doesn’t mean that vaccination should be stopped because you are still at risk from outside infection.
  • Eradicating BVD on a national level is certainly possible; it has been done successfully in other European countries. This is the direction in which the UK is now heading.

 

We hope you enjoyed the roast dinner served afterwards by Lethbridge Arms at Bishops Lydeard and thanks to “The National BVD Control Programme” for their sponsorship of this event.

by Brendan John MRCVS

You'll all have heard that Red Tractor Assurance has changed its tack on requirements as of October this year. From then, the inspections will focus on "Welfare Outcomes", rather than facility for welfare. The inspectors have been trained to assess measures of welfare by looking at cows, rather than paperwork, and this has to be a step in the right direction. They will be looking at a random sample of 10 cows, regardless of the size of the herd, and assessing:

  • mobility
  • body condition score
  • hairloss, lesions, swellings
  • cleanliness

Obviously, a random sample of 10 cows in a big herd is not going to be statistically significant, but it is thought that it will be useful enough to direct efforts. You will receive a report on the findings of the inspector, and they may give suggestions as to areas requiring attention. Please discuss these with us as the inspectors are not in a position to use any context or judgement - they are simply there to score the random sample.

 

The paperwork for the inspection now has 3 sections and these are:

  1. A written Herd Health Plan - this does not need to be written by a vet, but the most useful ones will be made as a team effort with all concerned
  2. Some data and targets from the previous 12 months. There are 2 extra pieces of data which you are now required to report to your inspector:
  • Total number of involuntary culls
  • Calf mortality
      a) between 0-24 hours
      b) 24 hours - 42 days

3. A declaration from a veterinary surgeon, who has reviewed the data set out in Section 2, and has examined the stock on the farm. The new wording of the Scheme Standard then says "As a result of this he can make recommendations but it is not a requirement that these are followed".

 

You will need to have the updated version of this paperwork for your next inspection date. The requirement for us to view the stock means that it is now impossible to sign these declarations in the office with 10 minutes to go before inspection time, so please make sure you call in advance and arrange a time for us to come and complete the visit.

by Sally Wilson MRCVS

Last week, I was fortunate to be invited by Harpers Home Mix to accompany a group of South West Dairy Farmers to Denmark  courtesey of Vitfoss to look around some farms. The trip was excellent; excellent farms, excellent company; excellent organisation; excellent food (and drink!)

 

We packed in 4 farms to our first of 2 full days in Denmark. If you want to see lots of photos along with commentary and stories behind each of these extraordinary businesses, have a look at our Photo Gallery (Sally's visit to Denmark).

After a very enjoyable and social evening following a packed day, we were taken, the next day, to the Vitforss headquarters where we were shown around the factory. In the aftrernoon we were shown the sister company factory JF Stoll, where I learnt an immense amount about feeder wagons!

It was a great group of farmers so thanks to them for being patient with my non-farmerness! Also, huge thanks to John Fish, Becky Anstiss, Per Thielgaard and our main host Knud Lykke Christensen of Vitfoss, aswell as Glen and Bruce from Harpers Homemix. It was a fantastic trip!

Remember to have a peek at the photos!

 

 

 

by George Giles MRCVS

Within the practice we have a number of flying herds who rely on buying in freshly calved cows to maintain cow numbers. Buying cattle into your herd can be out of necessity due to unforseen loses such as TB reactors or it can be through a conscious management decision. Whilst most dairy farmers are fully aware of the risk of introducing new diseases, it is worthwhile having an action plan for bought in stock to minimise disease transmission. The term 'risk based trading' has been used to describe a way of buying stock in, which takes into account all of the known disease information about the farm of origin and the type of animal that you are buying; therefore making a more informed purchase decision.

Benefits of a biosecurity plan on farm for bought in stock

  • Decrease the risk of introducing new diseases into the herd
  • Maintain productivity and herd health
  • Cut down the cost of disease treatment

Risk based trading - considerations pre-purchase:

  • Does the animal come from a herd which is accredited free of any infectious diseases?
  • Does the farm vaccinate against any infectious disease, such as BVD, IBR, Lepto?
  • Ask for any herd history or current monitoring for Johnes disease
  • Has the individual animals’ SCC recording been >200,000 in the previous lactation, inspect the teat ends for signs of damage
  • Obtain the herd’s current bulk milk SCC
  • Body condition score the animals you intend to buy – does that fit with the required condition score for the stage of lactation the cow is in.
  • Preferentially look for cows that have been served via AI rather than natural mating
  • If you are looking at buying multiple animals, then buying from one source decreases the likelihood of bringing in new diseases.

Do NOT assume that cattle bought in from the continent carry less disease than those bought in from the UK.

Once the animal has been brought onto the farm:

  • Isolate the animal for 3 weeks, in a place where no physical contact can be made with any other stock, (often easier said than done!).
  • Vaccinate during this isolation time for BVD, IBR and Lepto (plus any other diseases which the rest of the herd are vaccinated against (e.g. Salmonella). IBR should be done immediately and then BVD and Lepto can be given later.
  • Milk separately at the end of the herd
  • For animals >36 months old, a blood test (ELISA) for Johnes disease is recommended.
  • Remember the risk of new disease introduction is two way. Bought in animals can spread disease to the current herd but also the current herd can spread disease to introduced stock.
by Sally Wilson MRCVS

In October, I attended the BCVA Congress in Harrogate. This was a really interactive and interesting conference which I thoroughly enjoyed. One of the best lectures was from Stephen Le Blanc, on production and fertility...is there a correlation and, if so, is it cause or effect? I was so fascinated by this concept that I felt the need to write an article on it! Have a look at it in this month's newsletter.

by Sally Wilson MRCVS

Thanks to Boehringer who sponsor our local Clinical Club meetings, last night, we had a really interactive and discussion-based talk from Owen Atkinson of Dairy Veterinay Consultancy.These meetings, which involve a few of the local practices getting together to hear a guest speaker talk about current farm/veterinary based topics, are always worth attending. I particularly enjoyed this presentation which focussed on potential models for the future of farm animal vetting. Owen based a lot of his talk on his Nuffield Scholarship and his experiences of visiting different countries. During his visits, he looked at the structure of dairy farming, the differences between dairy farming in various countries vs the UK system and, importantly, the farm veterinary industry in these countires compared to the UK.

Nobody has a crystal ball so we don't know excatlly what the future holds. However, we all agreed that the farm animal veterinay industry is about to enter a period of major change. In order to remain successful, forward-thinking practices may have to look at their business models and consider how best to develop them in order to continue bringing value to their large-herd dairy farms. This will ensure that, no matter which direction the industry is taken, the core business will remain viable and successful.

To read more on Owen's Nuffield Scholarship, see his website.

by Sally Wilson MRCVS

Planning for a 1000 cow development was recently recommended for refusal in Powys, Wales for a number of reasons, one of which was "Residents’ health, including children at the local primary school."

However, the Welsh Government’s Planning Minister, Carl Sargeant, did not accept this recommendation for refusal. He said that the economic benefits outweighed the concerns. Could this be the start of some better understanding where planning departments are concerned or is it just down to one individual's balanced attitude?

Read the full article online at the Farmer's Guardian

by Sally Wilson MRCVS

Earlier this month I ran a really successful AI course. It was held at Colliton Barton Training Centre, Honiton which is a perfect venue for such a course. It was also in conjunction with Duchy College which part-funded it through the South West Healthy Livestock Initiative.

This year, I had a great bunch of students, all of whom are passionate about their cattle and all of whom were keen as mustard as well as being fast learners!

The course is 3 days long and structured so that the theory is done during the morning of the first day. The theory is essential so that the anatomy of the bovine reproductive tract can be grasped. Then we move on to the practical sessions. The first session is based on the examination and dissection of uterine speicimens in the wet lab. This enables the students to envisage the structures that they will be later palpating in the live cow.

The students are taught about the importance and the technique of semen handling before moving on to live cows.

The live cow sessions consisted of practise, practise, practise! We went through a lot together at those AI stalls! We went from hilarity to despair and back again in our short but very intense journey. By the end of the course, 6 individuals who had never even rectalled a cow before, were capable of defrosting a straw of semen and inseminting a cow in order to get her in calf.

Quite an achievement in 3 days and I take my hat off to everyone in the group for their continued dedication, despite some frustration, in reaching their goals.

The photos are now on our photo gallery so have a look to see how they got on!             

 

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